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You are NOT the Father! Can you sue to recover the child support you paid?

Virginia Cornwell is a Columbus Ohio Family Lawyer in Columbus, Ohio and an Ohio State Bar Association Certified Family Relations Specialist.  She helps clients throughout Ohio and accepts cases from all 88 Ohio Counties.  The information in this article applies only to the state of Ohio.

OHIO FAMILY LAWYERSo you paid child support for years thinking you were the father of a child (or children), and now you find out that you are not.  Can you get the child support back because the mother lied about who was the father of the child?  Is this fraud under the law? Can you sue to recover the child support you paid?  Ohio Law says the answer is yes, but it is not that simple.

CALL NOW  at (614) 225-9316 or contact us by e-mail.

OHIO FAMILY LAWYERThe questions you should be asking are:

  • Who do I sue to recover the child support?
  • Do I sue the mother who received the child support or the father who should have paid it?
  • How do I sue to get my child support back?
  • What kind of case do I file (in other words, what law allows me to do this)?
  • What court do I file this case in?
  • Am I likely to win?
  • If I am not likely to win, why not?
  • If I win, am I likely to get my money back?

CALL NOW  at (614) 225-9316 or contact us by e-mail.

OHIO FAMILY LAWYER PATERNITY The short answer is YES, Ohio law DOES allow people to file an action to be recover child support paid for a child that turns out not to be their child.  Unfortunately, Ohio courts have found the law to be unconstitutional in many judicial districts.  Even if your appellate district did not find the law to be unconstitutional, (brace yourself), while the law in Ohio allows you to file an action to recover child support, the law has a strict list of conditions that you would have to pass in order to win.

When the laws were passed that would allow people to “undo” a paternity determination in Ohio, many courts believed that paternity was a matter that should be decided by the courts, and the laws were unconstitutional.

CALL NOW  at (614) 225-9316 or contact us by e-mail.

See, before you can recover child support, a person has to disprove paternity.  Some courts are very hostile to this idea, and to the rights created by the legislature when Ohio Revised Code 3119.96 – 3119.967 were enacted.  One example of this was a Franklin County Court decision in the VanDusen case in Franklin County (Tenth Appellate District):

{¶ 15} The legislature, when it enacted R.C. 3119.961, clearly was on notice that it was attempting to dictate to the courts of this state what to do with paternity judgments rendered months, years or even decades earlier. The legislature also was on notice that the statute it was enacting was in conflict with Civ.R. 60(B) and the body of case law surrounding that Civil Rule. In short, notwithstanding the doctrine of the separation of powers which has helped our state and federal governments to function for over 200 years, the legislature wished to tell the courts how to address matters normally reserved for the courts to determine.

{¶ 16} Such a disregard for the traditional powers of the other branches of government is especially egregious in the context of parenting and parentage *497 matters. The legislature has in effect ordered the courts to enter new judgments taking away the only father a child has ever known if a DNA test indicates that the father and child are not genetically linked. Such a legislative mandate overlooks how complex the parent-child relationship is. A person who has served as a parent for many years is still in many ways a parent to the child, no matter whose genes and chromosomes are involved. If this were not so, no adult could successfully adopt a child and raise the child to adulthood…

¶ 20} When the original divorce decree was journalized in 1995, Kelly Van Dusen was expressly found to be the child of Brian K. Van Dusen and Donna A. Van Dusen. Kelly’s parentage was clearly a matter expressly decided by the trial court—to use the Latin phrase, {¶ 21} Once a fact has been adjudicated, the way to change that adjudication is through the use of Civ.R. 60(B). Eight years have now passed since that adjudication occurred. Kelly is now 17 years old. For many purposes, Kelly is and will remain Brian Van Dusen’s child, no matter what a court says in the future.

CALL NOW  at (614) 225-9316 or contact us by e-mail.

OHIO FAMILY LAWYER PATERNITY FATHERS RIGHTSIf this is how unfriendly the courts are to disestablishing paternity, even in the face of DNA evidence, you can imagine how much more resistant courts are to recovering wrongly paid support.  In fact the only decision that this author could find that even comes close to a victory only stated that the laws allowing such claims were not unconstitutional, and, on appeal, referred the case back to the trial court to determine the claim.    Any guesses as to how much, if any, the trial court likely awarded in back support?

What’s the moral of the story here?  The law is trying to help fathers who paid support for a child that was not his.  The courts want fathers to step up EARLY in a child’s life, and if you are paying support for a child that is not yours, the court wants you to do something about AS SOON AS YOU FIND out.  The longer you wait, the less relief you are going to get.  If you have questions about your child’s paternity, do something immediately.  

CALL NOW  at (614) 225-9316 or contact us by e-mail.

DISCLAIMER – Read it, it’s important!

 

Comments

  1. S says

    During the Fall of 1977 my ex-wife conceived a child that she repeatedly denied to me was conceived out of wedlock in spite of my questioning her. She offered many excuses during her pregnancy and when the birth of the child was a few weeks earlier then I believed that it should be based on my rememberance of her absences from our home to attend job related meetings in Columbus, OH and our actual times of sexual activity during that time period. We lived in a small rural community where she held an important job. To state my feelings openly would have caused great embarrassment to both of us and my family. Only a blood test could prove the truth at that time and I had a common blood type. On her insistence that the child was mine, I accepted the baby girl as my own child. In December, 1981 we were divorced and I was ordered to pay support for my two daughters.

    Move forward to 2015 when I gave both daughters Ancestry DNA Test Kits as part of their Christmas gifts. My family were early settlers in this country, they arrived in 1630 from England and later helped found Greenwich, CT. The older daughter’s test connected her to me and my Mother, but my younger daughter’s test did not list me as her father or my Mother as her Grandmother. I again contacted my ex-wife and asked “if there was something that she needed to tell me?” she again denied that the daughter was not my child. I then contacted Ancestry and asked if some error could have taken place? They went over my Mother and my own earlier tests along with my older daughter’s test and confirmed that my younger daughter was a half sibling match with her older sister but that she did not match either to me or my Mother. They said that she was not my biological child.

    I sent all tests to my ex-wife. She later emailed me “that she was sorry I had found out in this way”. I talked this over with my pastor. I then told my ex-wife that she needed to tell our younger daughter. I gave her a few weeks then I informed her that I would if she did not. She told our daughters finally on the morning of the day she knew I was going to visit with the younger daughter.

    She will not share the name of the man that fathered the younger girl with me and she now insists that he is deceased. That all seems so convenient. She says it is none of my business to know when I ask his name and when he died. I disagree. She says she told the younger daughter….but the younger girl was so much in shock at the time she says that she doesn’t remember his name.

    I love my younger daughter and I don’t wish to hurt her. She is a young lawyer and mother to 2 of my granddaughters. I’m the only father that she has ever known. On the other hand, I am very angry with my ex-wife for repeatedly lying to me and deceiving me for 39 years! I don’t fully believe that the man is deceased. I more likely would believe that he may still be alive and that he was never informed of the pregnancy or that he fathered a child. I’d like to know the full truth.

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