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Residential Parent and School Placement Parent

September 18, 2008

COLUMBUS CUSTODY LAWYERA Columbus Ohio Custody Lawyer article about the meaning of residential parent and school placement parent in Ohio.

What does it mean to be the “residential parent“?  In Ohio, the answer to this question depends on a couple of things.  (Yes, I’m sure you’re shocked that a lawyer answered a question with the phrase “it depends”, but just stay with me here…)

COLUMBUS CHILD CUSTODY LAWYERSFirst, the definition of residential parent depends on what type of ORDER the word “residential parent” is included in.

In SHARED PARENTING, both parents are residential parents, and one parent is the school placement parent.  The SCHOOL PLACEMENT PARENT is the parent that is the child’s home base.  The school placement parent is also the parent who is entitled to receive full guidelines child support unless the court orders a child support deviation.  Sometimes attorneys and even the court will tell the parties that the school placement parent is only significant when deciding what school the child will attend.  Given that the school placement parent’s home is considered the child’s home, and that the school placement parent is the parent entitled to receive child support, clearly the designation of the school placement parent is more important than which parent attends the highest ranked school district.

COLUMBUS OHIO CUSTODY ATTORNEYSIn Ohio, cases where there is only one residential parent and no shared parenting decree, the RESIDENTIAL PARENT is the parent who has what is commonly referred to in Ohio as sole custody (or full custody, legal custody.  Some states also use the term physical custody.)  If one parent is the residential parent, that parent has almost all of the LEGAL RIGHTS regarding the child.  They are the decision maker for all major decisions, it is much easier for them to convince a court to allow them to move and more difficult for the other parent to get a child support guidelines deviation.

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1 Anonymous

I’m the residential parent for school purposes in a shared parenting order with both of us being residential parents while in our care. Can my ex enroll our child in preschool or am I the only one who can?
Thanks!

2 K

I have a question. I have been divorced for 7years and I am the residental parent. I have two children 7 and 9. My ex says his new wife has the right to tell my children they can not talk to me when we are at my sons football game (my ex did not show up). Does she have rights to my children?

3 D

My ex & I have Joint Custody w/ Shared parenting. She is listed as residential parent for school. Our oldest son is having issues in his current school. We both have agreed that he should come live with me and change schools for a fresh start. What do we need to do or file to change that and also adjust child support?

4 Anonymous

I am the Residential Parent with the other parent having visitation. Therefore, how did my local school district have the authority to have a sit down meeting with the parent with visitation, a guidance counselor and the school pricipal to discuss the possibility of moving the child to another school district? No papers had been filed in court and not change of custody has taken place. The parent with visitation has twice signed papers granting them only visitation.

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